Driver Scorecard: Motor Carriers

The Driver Scorecard is designed to give transportation professionals a quick, easy to understand visual summary of a driver's safety record under CSA. Drill down to a specific driver and view the summary and detail of all seven BASICs along with their safety event history and detail. 

The Driver Scorecard shows percentiles in each of the seven CSA BASICs, inspection and violation details and a visual timeline of safety events. The Driver Scorecard follows the FMCSA's Driver Safety Measurement System (DSMS) methodology which includes three years of activity. In addition, the Driver Scorecard shows how an individual driver is impacting the CSA scores of the motor carrier, and also helps identifies potential driver training needs.

NOTE:  For accounts with Vigillo's Daily Updates, Driver Scorecards are automatically updated daily. Otherwise, Driver Scorecards are updated monthly and will reflect data as of the most recent SMS Snapshot Date. 


Data Sources

Snapshot Date

The snapshot date, also known as the data capture date, is the last day of the 3-year period upon which driver scores are based.  

FMCSA Data Updates

The FMCSA data last checked date reflects the most recent date when FMCSA safety event data was updated for new information.

SMS Assessment

The FMCSA's Safety Measurement System (SMS) assesses each driver's performance in the following seven Behavior Analysis and Safety Improvement Categories BASICs.

  • Unsafe Driving
  • Hours-of-Service (HOS) Compliance
  • Driver Fitness
  • Controlled Substances (Drugs/Alcohol)
  • Vehicle Maintenance
  • Hazardous Materials (HM) Compliance 
  • Crash Indicator 


Viewing and Filtering

On the bar chart, the seven BASICs are listed across, with each having a percentile score ranging from zero (best) to 100 (worst) or providing other information.  

On the far right of the Percentile Rank by BASICs is the driver's Vigillo Percentile and Rank in your Fleet and below that is the Daylight Driver Index (DDI) for this driver.  

Vigillo Percentile Rank In Your Fleet

The Vigillo Percentile Rank In Your Fleet is a Vigillo-created overall driver score that ranks your drivers within your fleet. More>>

Daylight Driver Index™ (DDI)

Vigillo’s proprietary Daylight Driver Index™ (DDI) provides motor carriers and drivers with a single number that describes an individual driver’s FMCSA record using CSA data. More>>

Insufficient Data

If a driver does not have the minimum number of violations and/or relevant inspections in any specific BASIC they will not be given a score. The CSA Methodology has "data sufficiency thresholds" that a driver has to meet before he/she can be given a percentile rank.  

In other words, a driver with a percentile rank of "insufficient data" may indeed have inspections and violations. You can see the inspections and violations by reviewing the Safety Event Details Section below.  

Red-dotted Line

A red-dotted line marks the 90% alert line for drivers. Vigillo recommends that you consider drivers with BASIC percentiles above 90% as higher priority to review and counsel. According to FMCSA's Compliance, Safety, Accountability (CSA) program, "while motor carriers are prioritized for intervention based on the Safety Measurement System, drivers are only investigated during a carrier investigation. Therefore, no Intervention Thresholds are in place for drivers."  


Driver BASICs Summary Chart

This section shows more detailed information about how each of the seven BASICs are calculated. The BASICs are listed from worst to best (as in the Summary Section above). 

NOTE: Under the CSA methodology, the Crash Indicator BASIC does not consider fault or preventability of crash.  All DOT-reportable crashes count towards your crash count even if your drivers are not at fault.

Safety Event Group 

"One of the ways the SMS accounts for the differences between motor carriers and their operations is by placing carriers in Safety Event Groups based on the number of safety events (inspections, violations, and crashes) in which the carriers have been involved" according to the FMCSA's CSA website. The same concept applies to drivers.    

Relevant Inspection 

"A relevant inspection is one where the roadside inspector reviewed a particular area for evidence of violations (not all inspection types/levels look at all areas)." according to the FMCSA website.  

Driver violations found in a vehicle only inspection, or vehicle violations found in a driver only inspection are removed from DSMS calculations. 

BASIC Measure 

Generally speaking, BASIC Measure is the raw score for the driver in this BASIC.  

CSA Percentile Rank 

Percentile Rank scores the driver on a national level for the corresponding BASIC. Within a percentile rank, 100% is the worst possible score and 0% is the best possible score.  


Safety Event History

The Safety Event History shows past 36 months of driver activity. More recent events are on the right and older event are on the left. Safety events are color coded: Green indicates a clean inspection, red indicates a crash, etc. as the legend indicates.  

Safety Event Details Section

The Safety Event Details section shows details first for Crashes, and then for Inspections and Violations.  

Crash Severity Weight

According to the FMCSA's CSA website, "Crash Severity Weight places more weight on crashes with more severe consequences."  

  • Crash involving tow-away but no injury or fatality = 1 Crash Severity Weight

  • Crash involving injury or fatality = 2 Crash Severity Weight

  • Crash involving a Haz Mat release = Crash Severity Weight (from above) + 1

Inspections and Violations

This section lists detailed inspection data with the most recent event on top. 


Violation Severity Weight

According to the FMCSA's CSA website, "each violation is assigned a severity weight that reflects its relevance within its BASIC to crash risk.  Crash risk is defined as the risk of crashes occurring and the consequences of the crash after it occurs.  The violation severity weights are converted into a scale from 1 to 10, where 1 represents the lowest crash risk and 10 represents the highest crash risk relative to the other violations in the BASIC."  NOTE: Violation severity weights cannot be compared or added meaningfully across the BASICs.


Time Weight

Under CSA, more recent safety events have a heavier time-weighting.  

Time Weight under Driver Safety Management System (DSMS): 

  • 0 - 12 months = 3X 

  • 13 - 24 months = 2X 

  • 25 - 36 months = 1X 

Time Weight under Carrier Safety Management System (CSMS): 

  • 0 - 6 months = 3X 

  • 7 - 12 months = 2X 

  • 13 - 24 months = 1X